ReactJS vs Angular5 vs Vue.js - What to choose?
- by admin
- Web Development
Choosing a tech stack sometimes becomes a tedious task as you need to take every factor into consideration, including budget, time, app size, end-users, project objectives, and resources.
Whether you are a beginner, a developer, a freelancer, or a project architect forming strategies, it is a wise decision to be aware of the advantages and drawbacks of each framework in detail. So, this post will not help you select the best one, because that decision depends on the scope of your project and the framework's suitability to your needs. But, this post can help you gain a better understanding of each framework along with trends and insights.
Here are some questions that can help you get a better comparative understanding of these frameworks:
Are they mature enough to build scalable applications?
Is it easy to find developers for each of these frameworks?
Do you know the core concepts behind each framework listed here?
Have you analyzed performance, speed, and the learning curve of each framework?
Are there any tools to develop an application using these libraries?
If we consider the past year, Angular seems like the winner, React comes in second on the list, leaving a small share for Vue.js.
Popularity and Market Trends
According to the 2017 Stackoverflow survey, Angular is loved by 51.7% of developers and React is embraced by 66.9% of surveyed developers. React and Angular have almost the same level of users in the category of popular front-end frameworks. Vue hasn’t occupied a place in any of the above lists but has the ability to participate in this battle.
This GitHub stars history for Angular, React, and Vue is showing the popularity of Vue.js among developers. Currently, Vue has 108,086 stars, React gained 106, 807 stars, and Angular received 38,654 stars.
Vue.js seems to be popular if we observe the above statistics. Despite it being a “one-man-show,” it has the ability to grab the attention of developers due to its well-built and easy architecture.
Above all, you should not forget that Angular and React are being used by big names in the industry. Google uses Angular a lot in their projects and brands such as Facebook, Airbnb, Dropbox, WhatsApp, and Netflix are using React in their development environment.
Pros and cons of Angular 5
Benefits of Angular 5:
New features like enhanced RXJS, faster compilation (in under 3 seconds), new HttpClient launch.
Detailed documentation that allows getting all necessary information for the individual developer without asking his colleagues. However, this requires more time for education.
Two-way data binding that enables singular behavior for the app which minimized risks of possible errors.
MVVM (Model-View-ViewModel) that allows developers to work separately on the same app section using the same set of data.
Dependency injection of the features related to the components with modules and modularity in general.
Drawbacks of Angular 5:
The complex syntax that comes from the first version of Angular. Nevertheless, Angular 5 uses TypeScript 2.4 which is the least difficult to learn in comparison.
Migration issues which can appear while moving from the older version to the latest ones.
Companies that use Angular 5: Upwork, Freelancer, Udemy, YouTube, Paypal, Nike, Google, Telegram, Weather, iStockphoto, AWS, Crunchbase.
Pros and cons of ReactJS
Benefits of ReactJS:
Easy to learn. React is much easier to learn because of its simplicity in terms of syntax. Engineers just need to recall their HTML writing skills and that’s it. No need to deeply learn TypeScript like in Angular.
High level of flexibility and maximum of responsiveness.
Virtual DOM (document object model) that allows arranging documents in HTML, XHTML, or XML formats into a tree from which is better acceptable by web browsers while parsing different elements of the web app.
Combined with ES6/7, ReactJS can work with the high load in an easy way.
Downward data binding which means that with this kind of data flow the child elements cannot affect parent data.
Absolutely light-weighted because the data performing on the user side can be easily represented on the server side simultaneously.
Migrating between versions is generally very easy, with Facebook providing “codewords” to automate much of the process.
Drawbacks of ReactJS:
Lack of official documentation — super-fast development of ReactJS leaves no place for the proper documentation which is a bit chaotic now as many developers contribute it individually without any systematic approach;
React is unopinionated — meaning that developers sometimes have too much choice;
Long time to master which means that React JS requires deep knowledge of how to integrate user interface into the MVC framework.
Companies that use ReactJS: Facebook, Instagram, Netflix, New York Times, Yahoo, Khan Academy, Whatsapp, Codecademy, Dropbox, Airbnb, Asana, Atlassian, Intercom, Microsoft.
Pros and cons of Vue.js
Benefits of Vue.js:
Empowered HTML. This means that Vue.js has many similar characteristics with Angular and this can help to optimize HTML blocks handling with a usage of different components.
Adaptability. It provides a rapid switching period from other frameworks to Vue.js because of the similarity with Angular and React in terms of design and architecture.
Awesome integration. Vue.js can be used for both building single-page applications and more difficult web interfaces of apps. The main thing is that smaller interactive parts can be easily integrated into the existing infrastructure with no negative effect on the entire system.
Large scaling. Vue.js can help to develop pretty large reusable templates that can be made with no extra time allocated for that according to its simple structure.
Tiny size. Vue.js can weight around 20KB keeping its speed and flexibility that allows reaching much better performance in comparison to other frameworks.
Drawbacks of Vue.js:
Lack of resources. Vue.js still has a pretty small market share in comparison with React or Angular, which means that knowledge sharing in this framework is still in the beginning phase.
Risk of over flexibility. Sometimes, Vue.js might have issues while integrating into huge projects and there is still no experience with possible solutions, but they will definitely come soon.
Lack of full English documentation. This leads to a partial complexity on some stages of development, nevertheless, more and more materials are being translated into English.
Companies that use Vue.js: Xiaomi, Alibaba, WizzAir, EuroNews, Grammarly, Gitlab and Laracasts, Adobe, Behance, Codeship, Reuters.
A Quick Comparison Angular vs. React vs. Vue
|Type||A Framework||Library to build UI||A library|
|Founders||Powered by Google||Maintained by Facebook||Created by Former Google Employee|
|Initial Release||September 2016||March 2013||February 2014|
|Application Types||If you want to develop Native apps, hybrid apps, and web apps||If you want to develop a SPA and mobile apps||Advanced SPA and started supporting Native apps|
|Ideal for||If you want to focus on large-scale, feature-rich applications||Suitable for modern web development and native-rendered apps for iOS and Android||Ideal for web development and single-page applications|
|Learning Curve||A steep learning curve||A little bit easier than Angular||A small learning curve|
|Developer-friendly||If you want to use the structure-based framework||If you want to have flexibility in the development environment||If you want to have a separation of concerns|
|Model||Based on MVC (Model-View-Controller) architecture||Based on Virtual DOM (Document Object Model)||Based on Virtual DOM (Document Object Model)|
|Community Support||A large community of developers and supporters||Facebook developers community||Open-source project sponsored through crowd-sourcing|
|Popularity||Widely popular among developers||More than 27,000 stars added over the year||More than 40,000 stars added on GitHub during the year|
|Companies Using||Used by Google, Forbes, Wix, and weather.com||Used by Facebook, Uber, Netflix, Twitter, Reddit, Paypal, Walmart,
|Used by Alibaba, Baidu, GitLab, and others|
Here, we have tried not to be biased toward any frameworks. We believe your requirements must be met regardless of the technologies or frameworks. If we are missing any important points or concepts which can make this article more comprehensive, you can tell us via comments below!